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Zoning As Political Diplomacy And its Role In The Survival of Democracy in Nigeria

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By Jeff Ejiofor 


Zoning is a political philosophy in Nigeria where political parties agree to share major political offices among the component political units in the country to ensure equitable distribution of political power.

For example, the home areas of the president and vice president are alternated between the north and south of the country.

The principle of zoning is designed to ensure that no section of the country is ever permanently excluded from the power equation and that no one area is seen as having the exclusive right to political power at any given period to the detriment of others.


The notion of zoning was first introduced in the second republic following the advent of presidential system of government. 
In a heterogeneous society like ours, mutual suspicion is a natural phenomenon and should be minimised with every available political tool to ensure peace and stability in the system.

It is therefore normal and politically expedient for political groups to devise a way of accommodating every part of the society in the appropriation of political power for a sense of belonging to be achieved.This practice anchored on justice and equity has ensured the survival of the current democratic experiment and its stability. 


Apart from guaranteeing equity and fairplay, zoning, otherwise known as rotational leadership also ensures inclusiveness in our political development. It promotes moral consciousness among politicians who have naturally come to realise that no part of the society is politically inferior to the other.


 This is perharps responsible for the equal consideration of various components of our society in the distribution of political offices.

For example, the area that produces the chief executive does not produce the head of legislature or judiciary in the same government.The same applies to other key positions such as vice president or deputy governor. 


Unarguably, zoning has played a prominent role in the survival of our current democracy and cannot be wished away from our political lexicon by mere bravado of anybody. It is like conscience which is an open wound that only the truth can heal according to late Saduana of Sokoto, Sir Ahmadu Bello.

It has certainly become a moral burden for those who because of inordinate political ambition, seek to destroy it. It is a diplomatic way of ensuring political inclusiveness and unity in diversity.

For instance, the political tension currently being generated by the statement purportedly made against zoning by the Northern leaders who met in Kaduna last week is a clear indication that any move against zoning is an invitation to political anarchy. No political system can tolerate injustice or political exclusion and still remains stable. 


People are mindful of their position in any power equation and cannot fold their hands and watch a section of the society wrongly appropriate their political destiny.


The outcome of the just concluded Ugwuanyi led PDP zoning commitee where positions held in the party by Southerners were swapped with those held by the Northerners is a pointer to the fact that zoning is synonymous with our political survival. No amount of smear campaign against it shall succeed because it has sunk deep into our political consciousness. 


Coming down to Enugu State for instance, all the three senatorial zones that make up the state have spoken with one voice urging the Governor, Rt. Hon. Dr. Ifeanyi Ugwuanyi to maintain the zoning tradition which has ensured peaceful transition of power in the state.

In well attended rallies organised by all the zones, the people spoke in unequivocal terms that zoning of political offices should not in any way be tampered with as such will alter the existing peace and stability in the state. The yearnings of Enugu people are audibly explicit in their collective resolve for the existing zoning tradition to be kept. 


Zoning is undoubtedly a political diplomacy considering its stabilising capacity in our political development. It has promoted mutual respect among the people and enthroned unprecedented political stability in the system. 


A quick look at states in Nigeria that have disregarded zoning would reveal a plethora of catastrophic political violence of unimaginable proportion. Such states have always witnessed the worst political upheavals during elections as a result of mutual distrust and suspicion.

We cannot in all honesty deny this fact because such states are not farfetched and we know them. It is ridiculous and funny when people mischievously bandy merit or  competence as an excuse to destroy zoning when it is clear that no individual has monopoly of wisdom which is not in short supply in any part of our society. 


I strongly believe that Enugu people are highly sophisticated and peaceful and cannot fall for a cheap blackmail where a handful of people seek to lure them into abandoning a practice that has brought enduring peace and stability just to massage anybody’s political ego.


 Competence and merit abound in every nook and cranny of Enugu State and can never be in the custody of any individual.Those who ridiculously seek to destroy zoning on grounds of anybody’s phantom and speculated competence are heavily malnourished in strategic political thinking as people are now wiser and cannot trade their rights for mere rhetoric.


 Political inclusion which zoning signifies is imbedded in justice, equity and fairplay and as such, domiciled in the subconscious of every Nigerian and Enugu citizen. 


In short, zoning is now a matter of conscience, principle and morality and can never be wished away by even the strongest political hurricane. It has come to stay for good and progress of our political system. 
Enugu is in the hands of God

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Huawei to invest $150 million in digital talent devt

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Huawei says it plans to invest US$150 million in digital talent development over the next five years, noting that the programme will be beneficial to about 3 million youths.


“We are announcing Huawei’s Seeds for the Future Program 2.

0. As part of our commitment to continuously develop talent, we will invest US$150 million in this program over the next five years and help college students and young people improve their digital skills. This program is expected to benefit another 3 million people,” said Huawei’s Chairman Liang Hua.


The Minister of Communications and Digital Economy, Dr Isa Pantami, stated that “Nigeria is positioning to be the continent’s leader in digitalisation. Burkina Faso already has a ministry of digital economy but we have so many advantages” The advantages, according to him, include the country’s population and location, the contribution of the ICT to Gross Domestic Product, and the level of the ICT literacy among Nigerians.


He added that the government would henceforth be proactive in the ICT through effective application of emerging technologies such as Artificial Intelligence, Internet of Things, Robotics, and Virtual Reality.


He noted that in a few years, Nigerians might no longer need to travel to India or other foreign countries for medical treatment, as surgeries could be performed on patients anywhere in the world by means of 5G technology.


He urged the 10 Nigerian students selected from different institutions for the Huawei internship programme to see themselves as future entrepreneurs in order to make the best of the opportunity.


“The ICT has the potential of employing and lifting millions of Nigerians out of poverty,” the minister added.
He commended Huawei for investing in the youths as part of its corporate social responsibility engagements.


The Managing Director of Huawei Technologies Nigeria Limited, Mr Trevor Liu stated that Nigeria has the largest population in Africa. These youth are the continent’s greatest resource which will power the economy in the future.


Huawei partners with the Nigerian governments, education institutes and industry to equip the future leaders with the latest knowledge at the highest global levels and provide them opportunities to apply the knowledge in order to achieve a better future for the continent.

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